Dengue Fever Symptoms Signs And Treatment!

Dengue Fever Symptoms Signs And Treatment

Dengue Fever Symptoms Signs And Treatment

Dengue Fever Symptoms Signs And Treatment

“Dengue fever is a disease caused by a family of viruses that are transmitted by mosquitoes”.
How it spreads?
When a mosquito bites a person having dengue fever, the mosquito becomes infected with the disease. It can then spread the disease to other people by biting them. Dengue fever is not a contagious disease, so it can’t spread directly from person to person.
Signs and Symptoms:
Mild Dengue Fever:
The symptoms of mild dengue fever are:

  •  Aching muscles and joints
  •  Headache
  •  Skin rash
  •  High fever
  •  Pain behind the eyes
  •  Nausea and vomiting

Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF):
Mild dengue fever symptoms may occur in DHF along with the following:

  •  Nosebleeds
  •  Bleeding from mouth/gums
  •  Internal bleeding, resulting in black vomit and faeces
  •  Lower number of platelets in blood
  •  Small blood spots under your skin

Dengue shock syndrome:

Symptoms are following:

  •  Disorientation
  •  Severe stomach pain
  •  Heavy bleeding
  •  Regular vomiting
  •  Death

Diagnosis:
Dengue fever is diagnosed by a blood test and fever signs.
Treatment:
There is no specific treatment. Medications are given to relieve the symptoms. Apirin should not be given as it causes bleeding. So take paracetamol to relieve fever. Patient may be required to be sponged down with water at room temperature using a wet squeezed out towel. Rest is necessary for speedy recovery and patient should consume plenty of water. Patient should be kept in room that has screens to prevent mosquitoes from entering.
Prevention and control:

  •  Eradicate the mosquito population
  •  Improve water storage practices. Cover all the containers to prevent the egg laying female mosquito’s access to it as mosquitos breed easily in any source of standing water.
  •  Implement proper solid waste disposal.
  •  Use mosquito lotion and netting over your bed at night.
  •  Eliminate any sources that may collect water such as tins, bottles and old tires etc
  •  Apply mosquito repellent.
  •  Reduce out door activities during morning and late afternoon.
  •  Wear long pants full arm shirts, shoes, and socks when you go outside.

Dengue Fever Symptoms Signs And Treatment

Dengue Fever Symptoms Signs And Treatment

Dengue Fever Symptoms Signs And Treatment

Dengue Fever Symptoms Signs And Treatment

 

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